Ragle Family Relationships and Interconnections.

When I began this summary 15 years ago there seemed to be at least four main family lines that currently use the name Ragle. These were (i) the descendents of Jacob and Susanna [Ritchey] Ragle, (ii) the descendents of John and Elisabeth [Albert] Ragle, (iii) the descendents of Henry and Polly [Miller] Ragle, and (iv) the descendents of Martin H and his wife Parthena [Parker] Ragle.

Several alternative reconstructions of these family lines existed: None of these reconstructions was based totally on firm and incontrovertible fact, and so we review each one briefly below.

The case of Martin Haga Ragle was particularly troublesome, as different accounts of his parentage and possible arrival in this country exist among his thriving community of Ragle descendents. In addition, there is the question of the spelling of his middle name. Various forms are given: Hagie, Hagia, Hagey, etc. This matter has some significance, as it bears on the way the name was pronounced. We now think the proper spelling is 'Haga.' There are several reasons for believing this: First and foremost, it is the spelling given by his son William Henry Ragle, of whom more below. Second, on the land sale records from the Federal Government listing the Limestone Co. properties purchased by Martin, one gives the spelling 'Haga.' Third, of several accounts of Martin's birth, one also gives his middle name as 'Haga, with his father's name as 'Martin Hagia.'

The Haga/Hagey/Hage/Hagi/Hagie surname occurs frequently in the Shenandoah and southwest Virginia areas. The birthdate for Martin Haga Ragle most frequently given is September 1, 1804, in Glade Spring, VA. As far as I can discover, there is no substantiation for this in State records. The closest I have been able to discover is a Martin Hagey, born in Abingdon (near one of two southwest Virginia towns named Glade Spring) May 1805. This person descends from a family that landed in Philadelphia about 1732:

John Hagey (father: Johnan Martin Hagey, grandfather: John Jacob Hage, great grandfather: Johan Jacob Hagi) was born October 24, 1770 in Lancaster PA near Brickville, Elizabeth Township, and died September 22, 1837 in Abingdon VA. He married Sarah Elizabeth McCulock November 05, 1801 in Abingdon VA.

The children of John Hagey and Sarah McCulock are:
i. Anna C Hagey, born December 18, 1802 in Abingdon, VA.
ii. John Jr Hagey, born 1804.
iii. Martin Hagey, born May 01, 1805 in Abingdon, VA
iv. Martha Hagey, born May 18, 1808.

There is an old post-colonial house in Abingdon that still exists at present, known as "The Martin Hagey House." My own personal belief is that "Martin Haga/Hagey" (one of the 'Johan Martin Hagey' individuals) played an important role at some point in the lives of John and Elisabeth Ragle, perhaps even holding terms of indenture over them to recover the expense for the Ragle family's travel from the Rhine Palatinate to America. The cost of such travel was of the order of 80 to 100 "livre tournois," the precursor of the British pound (and the origin of the stroked-L symbol for the same unit), and an adult could be expected to work for 3 to 5 years in exchange for this fare.

The best evidence in this matter comes from a personal Journal written by William Henry Ragle (1836-1909), a son of Martin Haga Ragle. This journal now makes it certain that the Martin Haga Ragle who was the husband of Parthena Parker, and founder of a Texas dynasty, was raised as the son of John and Elisabeth. The same source makes it likely that the Jacob who married Susanna Ritchey and the Henry who married Polly Miller were older brothers of Martin Haga, i.e. sons of John and Elisabeth. There is no evidence to support (or deny) the idea that Martin Haga was the adopted son of John and Elisabeth.

Accordingly, the main Ragle lines mentioned above all stem from John and Elisabeth [Albert] Ragle.


A. The Ragle families: a reconstruction suggested by Carl Riegel and James Reigle. This reconstruction assumes that the name 'Ragle' is an americanization of 'Riegel,' and attempts to tie modern Ragle families to the earliest Riegel arrivals documented in the Philadelphia Ships Lists, around 1732-33.

The line to Jacob Ragle suggested by Riegel and Reigle is (giving only the male progenitor):

Mattheis Riegel - abt 1610 - 1672 father of
Joest Riegell - 1635 - etc.
Johannes Cornelius Riegel - 1674 - 1750
Joerg Wilhelm Riegel - 1706 - 1798
Johannes Wilhelm Riegel - 1743 - aft 1823
Jacob Riegel - 1773 - between 1813 and 1820 (known to us as Jacob Ragle; his marriage certificate says Jacob Regle)

The line to George Henry Ragle suggested by Riegel and Reigle is (using the same "father-only" listing):

Niclos Riegell - 1654 - 1687/88, father of
Johann Jacob Riegel - 1680 - etc.
Johan Adam Riegel - 1696 - abt 1764
Johannes Riegel - abt 1731 - 1785
Johannes Riegel - 1756 -
George Henry Ragle - 1792 - 1881; brothers: Abraham Ragle, b. 1795 and Martin Haga Ragle, b. 1804

The line to Henry Ragle suggested by Riegel and Reigle is:

Niclos Riegell - 1654 - 1687/88, father of
Johann Jacob Riegel - 1680 - etc.
Johan Adam Riegel - 1696 - abt 1764
Johannes Riegel - abt 1731 - 1785
Heinrich Riegel - abt 1768 -
Henrich Reigel - 1788 - bef 1840 (known to us as Henry Ragle). Sons: Adam Franklin Ragle, b. 1817; George Washington Ragle, b. 1821 (not the same person mentioned in Bessie Ragle Gilbert's article cited below.); Andrew Jackson Ragle, b. 1831; Samuel J. Ragle, b. 1835.


B. The Tilden/Pierce/Ragle reconstruction of the line to George Henry Ragle.

This construction follows deed research apparently done by Mrs. Belle Tilden, and supplied to Catherine Morrison Ragle (1917-1993) by Marjorie W. Pierce in February 1978. This work is quoted in full as it appears in Mrs. Pierce's letter to Catherine Morrison Ragle. I owe this material to Sarah Catherine Ragle Weddington, the daughter of Herbert Doyle and Catherine Morrison Ragle. The significance to the problem of Ragle family interconnections appears as the quotation unfolds:

"John Regele bought 207 acres of land from Michael and Catarina Star on the north side of the middle fork of the Holston River in 1798 according to Deed Book 2, p. 47 in Washington County, Virginia.

"Deed Book 2, p. 363 indicates that John Ragle sold 4.5 acres of this land in Washington County, Virginia on 17 December 1800 because Michael Star had promised this land to David Carson before he sold it to John Ragle.

"On 17 August 1802 John Regle sold mineral rights in Washington County, Virginia. This is listed in Deed Book 2, p. 53.

"John Taylor of Champlain County, Ohio, on 2 October 1815 sold 150 acres of land on the south bank of the Holston River in Sullivan County, Tennessee to "the heirs of John Ragle deceased living in different parts of the United States and of the County of Sullivan and the State of Tennessee." This transaction is recorded in Book 7, p. 186 in Sullivan County, Tennessee. The heirs of John Ragle paid $900. It was witnesed by Daniel Branstetter, William Slaughter, and James Cox.

"On 6 October 1817 "Elizabeth Ragle widow of John Ragle dec. of the County of Sullivan and State of Tennessee" sold her "right of dowery of the land" in Washington County, Virginia to James Anderson, who owned adjacent land, for his sole use "during said Elizabeth Ragle's natural life." This was recorded in Washington County on 12 June 1818.

"From 1817 - 1826 the 150 acre tract in Sullivan County, Tennessee, was an undivided tract of land. The rights to title to this tract were sold by various "heirs of John Ragle deceases." In some transactions it is stated specifically that this is one-tenth share in the property. In others specific numbers of acres are listed. The size of acreage varies.

"18 August 1817 Henry and Abraham Ragle of Sullivan County, Tennessee sold their shares to Daniel Branstetter for $40."

"3 November 1817 John Ragle of Buncombe County, North Carolina, sold his share for $23 to Daniel Branstetter.

"4 November 1822 Daniel Branstetter of Sullivan County, Tennessee, sold for $70 to Thomas Brown "one-tenth part and yet undivided said recited tract or parcelof land said division to be … after the decease of Elizabeth Ragle now widow."

"25 July 1825 George McGahan and Elizabeth his wife of Sullivan County sold for $14 to Thomas Brown 3 acres "being an undivided part or share of 150 acres conveyed by John Taylor to the heirs of John Ragle dec. … 3 acres more or less being my proportion as one of the heirs of John Ragle dec.

"8 October 1825 Martha Delap of Rockingham County, North Carolina sold for $70 to Thomas Brown 14 acres "being my proportion as one of the heirs of John Ragle, dec."

"22 November 1825 Martin H. Ragle of Sullivan County for $70 his "tenth part" of the tract to Thomas Brown.

"18 February 1826 George Ragle sold for $100 to Thomas Brown "one tenth part and yet undivided said recited tract or parcel of land said division to be "when it is practicable under the circumstances."

Ms. Pierce's letter continues:

"We can probably assume from this that John and Elizabeth Ragle had ten children.

1. Henry Ragle (m. Mary Ann (Polly) Miller)
2. Abraham Ragle
3. John Ragle
4. Elizabeth Ragle m. George McGahan
5. Martha Ragle m. John Delap
6. Martin H. Ragle*
7. George Ragle
8. ? Jacob Ragle m. Susannah Ritchey
9. ? Peggy Ragle m. John Maginly
10. ? Adam Ragle"

*The record shows only the initial.


C. The "Drowned Hagia" Constructions.

In this construction, a Martin Haigia Ragle Sr. is split off as a separate arrival around 1790. Others with variants of the name are also late arrivals. There is no record of such a person in the ship lists from Philadelphia.

(1) From "The History of Parker County, Texas:"

"If my ancestoral history is correct, great, great grandfather Ragle was drowned in American port when the small boat from ship to shore capsized. Although he never touched American soil, Elizabeth, the widow of this German immigrant, gave birth a few months later to their only child, Martin Hagia Ragle, in 1804 in Virginia."

s/Bessie Ragle Gilbert


(2) From "Mother" (Parthenia Elizabeth Ragle Riggs) at her 103rd year in 1957:

Her "grandfather Martin Hagey Ragle was born in Germany and came to the U. S. with his father at the age of 2 years. His mother died in Germany at the age of 52, at the birth of Martin Hagey. Martin Hagey's father was getting off the boat that brought him to the U.S., fell and was drowned. Martin Hagey's uncle, his father's brother Alfred Ragle who lived in Illinois reared him. (Aunt Louina Ragle told that Prince Albert of Germany was a third cousin to Grandpa Ragle (Mother's father) John Albert Ragle.) Martin Hagey Ragle married Parthenia Parker and was about 25 years old when John Albert Ragle was born...."

Author's comment: This claim of a relationship between Prince Albert of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Elisabeth Albert strikes me as particularly likely to be a total fiction. As a result of Victoria's marriage to Albert, the British Royal Family's name was Saxe-Coburg_Gotha, but Albert's personal surname was "WETTIN" until 1917, when both the name of the Royal House and the personal family name were changed to "WINDSOR" on account of hostility to Germany during the First World War. Albert was fully described as: Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel, of the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha branch of the House of Wettin (August 26, 1819 to December 14, 1861), and "Albert" is seen to have little to do with his surname. There is also an offset of half a century between the two people in question; Elisabeth Albert was born around 1750 - 1755 and Prince Albert in 1819.


D. The William Henry Ragle Manuscript.

This manuscript is available from me as a *.PDF file.

William Henry Ragle (1836-1909), a son of Martin Haga Ragle, left a manuscript history of his family written late in his life. Gary Ray Ragle, a descendent, summarizes some important facts gleaned from the mms: "John Ragle was Martin Haga's father, who married Elisabeth and emigrated to America from Germany, settling in Washington County, Virginia in roughly 1775. The birth date of Elisabeth Albert (wife of John Ragle) is given as approximately 1754, Johannes Riegel's birthdate...as June 1756.

The mms. refers to two of Martin Haga's brothers, Henry and Jacob. William Henry states that Martin Haga was the youngest, and Henry the oldest. He says that his Uncle Henry was a professional tanner, and goes on to say that '...Uncle Jacob Ragle was killed in the Horseshoe battle with the indians.' The battle to which William Henry Ragle refers was probably the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (Daviston, Alabama). This battle, usually counted as part of the War of 1812, was fought on March 27, 1814. Tennessee militia, the 39th U.S. Infantry and Native American allies (about 3,000 troops) led by Andrew Jackson fought about 1,000 Creek Indians led by Chief Menawa. The battle ended the Creek Indian War and also broke the tribe's power in the Southeast and added Creek lands comprising three-fifths of the present Alabama and one-fifth of Georgia to the United States.

The mms continues with an account of Martin Haga being raised by his eldest brother Henry until he was 21 years of age. This imples that Martin's father John probably died while Martin Haga was still a young boy, and is consistent [vide infra] with the land sale listing in 1817 by Elizabeth Ragle, widow of John.

In the records of the War of 1812 there are several entries for the name ‘Jacob Reagle’ or ‘Jacob Riegel’, though it is not at all clear if these represent different individuals or the same individual serving in different infantry units. The National Archives do not appear to contain any individual records for these people, and their names only appear in unit records. We do know that the Jacob who married Susanna Ritchey had left the scene by around 1814 at the latest; his last child was born in 1812, and Susanna Ritchey was married and had begun a second family with James Parrott by around 1815 or 1816. It is therefore eminently plausible that the Jacob in William Henry’s mms is the Jacob who married Susanna Ritchey.


E. Generalities.

Tax records for Washington County, VA show:

Robert Ragle 1805
John Ragle 1805, 1806
Adam Ragle 1805, 1806
John Ragle, Jr. 1805, 1806

Census records place bearers of the Ragle surname as follows. Note that there is some repetition of given names. Records marked -FC are from the Federal Census Records on http://www.ancestry.com and unmarked records are from various other sources. My abstraction of census material stops at 1850. Even in 1850 there were probably spelling variations in the surname, and this list specifically includes only the RAGLE spelling.

  • 1790
  • Jacob Ragle - Bucks Co. PA 1790 -FC
  • 1800
  • none
  • 1810
  • Jacob Reugul - Knox Co. IN 1807 Index of Males, but not in 1810 Federal Census or 1820 IN Census or later.
  • John Ragle - Buncombe Co. NC 1810
  • Adam Ragle - Sullivan Co. TN 1812 -FC
  • John Ragle - Sullivan Co. TN 1812 -FC
  • 1820
  • Adam Ragle - Frederick Co. MD 1820 -FC
  • John Ragle - Buncombe Co. NC 1820 -FC
  • 1830
  • Adam Ragle - Casey Co. KY 1830
  • Abraham Ragle - Scottsville, Allen Co. KY 1830 -FC
  • Daniel Ragle Jr. - Lykins Twp., Dauphin Co. PA 1830 -FC
  • Daniel Ragle Sr. - Lykins Twp., Dauphin Co. PA 1830 -FC
  • George Ragle - Hawkins Co. TN 1830, 1832
  • George Ragle - McMinn Co. TN 1830 -FC
  • Henry Ragle - Sullivan Co. TN 1830, 1832
  • Henry Ragle - Washington Co. TN 1830 -FC
  • Jacob Ragle - Orange Co. IN 1830 (his widow, Susannah Ragle Parrott)
  • James Ragle - KY 1830
  • John Ragle - [Ragel] Orange Co. IN 1830 (son of Jacob and Susannah Ragle)
  • Martin Ragle - 1st & 2nd Ranges, Madison Co. AL 1830 -FC
  • Michael Ragle - Lykins Twp. Dauphin Co. PA 1830 -FC
  • Peter Ragle - Orange Co. IN 1830 (son of Jacob and Susannah Ragle) -FC
  • 1840
  • Abraham Ragle - Annville, Lebanon Co. PA -FC
  • Adam Ragle - Crocus Creek, Cumberland Co. KY 1840 -FC
  • Allen Ragle - Scott Co. KY 1840 -FC
  • Daniel Ragle - Fallowfield, Washington Co. PA -FC
  • Georeg [sic] Ragle - Clinton Co. KY 1840 -FC
  • George Ragle - Dubois Co. IN 1840 -FC
  • Henry Ragle - Clinton Co. KY 1840 (his widow Maryann) - FC
  • M. H. Ragle - Limestone Co. AL 1840 -FC
  • Peter Ragle - Polk Co. MO 1840 -FC
  • P. Ragle - Daviess Co. IN 1840 -FC
  • Samuel M. Ragle - Clinton County, KY 1840 -FC
  • 1850
  • Abel Ragle - Pleasant Twp, Wabash Co. IN 1850 -FC
  • Abram Ragle - Pleasant Twp, Wabash Co. IN 1850 -FC
  • Adam Ragle - District 1, Casey Co. KY 1850 -FC
  • Alfred Newton Ragle - 20th Subdiv. Roane Co. TN 1850 -FC
  • Amanda Ragle - Van Buren Twp. Daviess Co. IN 1850 -FC
  • Andrew J. Ragle - District 6, Hawkins Co. TN 1850
  • David S. Ragle - District 6, Hawkins Co. TN 1850 -FC
  • Elizabeth Ragle - District 6, Hawkins Co. TN 1850 -FC
  • George Ragle - 6th District, Hawkins Co. TN 1850
  • George Ragle - District 1, Adair Co. KY 1850 -FC
  • George Ragle - Milton, DuPage Co. IL 1850 -FC
  • George H. Ragle - District 6, Hawkins Co. TN 1850
  • Harry Ragle - District 6, Hawkins Co. TN 1850-FC
  • Henry Ragle - Murphy Town, Cherokee Co. NC 1850 -FC
  • Henry A. Ragle - District 6, Hawkins Co. TN 1850
  • James Ragle - District 2, Grainger Co. TN 1850
  • James Ragle - 1st Division, Sullivan Co. TN 1850
  • James Ragle - District 1, Clinton Co. KY 1850
  • John Ragle - District 1, Clinton Co. KY 1850 -FC
  • John Ragle - Van Buren Twp. Daviess Co. IN 1850 -FC
  • John Ragle - 1st Division, Sullivan Co. TN 1850 -FC
  • Lafayette Ragle - Holmes Co. MS -FC
  • Martha Ragle - Buncombe Co. NC 1850 -FC
  • Martin H. Ragle - Limestone Co. AL 1850 - FC
  • Martin Ragle - Rockroe Twp, Mornoe Co. AR 1850 -FC
  • Mary Ragle - Marion Twp. Jennings Co. IN 1850 -FC
  • Mary Ragle - Holmes Co. MS
  • Mary Ragle - Lycoming Twp. Lycoming Co. PA 1850 -FC
  • Mary A. Ragle - 6th District, Rhea Co. TN 1850 -FC
  • Milton - DuPage Co. IL 1850
  • Paltz Ragle - 4th Subdivision, Washington Co. TN 1850 -FC
  • Peter Ragle - Van Buren Twp. Daviess Co. IN 1850 -FC
  • Philip Ragle - Tymochtee Twp, Wyando Co. OH 1850 -FC
  • Rimmafer Ragle - Addison Twp, Wasington Co. WI 1850, 1854 -FC
  • Samuel Ragle - District 6, Hawkins Co. TN 1850
  • Thomas Ragle - District 2, Grainger Co. TN 1850
  • Wallace Ragle - Jackson Twp, Clinton Co. IN 1850 -FC
  • William Ragle - 28th Subdivision, Coahoma Co. MS 1850 -FC
  • William K. Ragle - 20th Subdivision, Roane Co. TN 1850


    There are several points to observe in these confusing records. It should be realized that the spelling of surnames is still in a state of flux at this time.

  • The William Henry Journal makes it clear that the Martin H. who was one of
    the heirs of John and Elizabeth Ragle was their son by birth, although it is perhaps
    possible that Martin's mother was not the same person as the mother of the other heirs.

  • It is worth noting that Peter Ragle's son Jacob Ragle named one of his sons Henry Ragle. There is
    a clear continuity in naming patterns in these families, and one might even say there is an obsession
    in these families with the names John, Jacob, Henry, and George, all of which are good German names.
    The only exception would seem to be Peter, not as common a name at this time. Richard Charles Ragle
    attributed the appearance of this name in the line to the Scottish influence from the Ritchey clan.

  • The main difference between these constructions is that in the latter, virtually all the westward-
    moving Ragles are attached to John Ragle and Elizabeth Albert [or perhaps, in the case of Martin H., to
    a descendent of a Martin Haga Ragle, Sr. and Elizabeth Albert], while in the former, they are
    partitioned between Johannes (163) Riegel, Henrich (358) Reigel, and Jacob (119) Riegel, son of Johannes (39)
    Wilhelm Riegel. (The numbers reference the work by Riegel and Reigle.)


    Migrants who traveled from Pennsylvania using the Shenandoah and Cumberland Valleys and the Wilderness Road would have travelled along the route of present-day Interstate Route 81. They would have passed through the areas where communities like Winchester and Strasburg are now located. In this general area are recorded the following items of interest, found and provided through the courtesy of Jamie Tucker, son of William W. Tucker and Alta Ragle:

    George Reagle - m. Mary Shipley, August 26, 1788 in Frederick Co. VA
    Michael Reagle - m. Hannah McLaughlin, August 31, 1790 in Frederick Co. VA

    On August 29, 1791, John Reagle purchased 176.5 acres of land along Cedar Creek, in the neighborhood of present-day Strasburg, VA, from Frederick and Solome Huber. John Reagle and his wife Elizabeth and Frederick Hoover (Huber) sold this land to Daniel Frye on October 24, 1797. This agrees very well with the timing of the previously-mentioned purchase further south in Washington Co. by John Regele, and suggests that the two are in fact the same person

    [quoting again from text above: "John Regele bought 207 acres of land from Michael and Catarina Star on the north side of the middle fork of the Holston River in 1798 according to Deed Book 2, p. 47 in Washington County, Virginia." Michael and Catarina Star are mentioned in several other land sale records in this general area, and one sale is to Jacob Miller. It is possible that this name connects to the two Miller women who married into the Ragle line in this area and around this time.]

    Mary Kegley, of Wytheville, VA, wrote in 1960: "...the first record for Simon (Riggle) was found on the personal property tax list for Botetourt Co., VA in the year 1795...From these lists...we know that Simon Riggle lived there from 1795 to 1803. His name had various spellings as follows: Rigle, Reagle, Reegle, Reigle and Riggle. ...between tax time of 1803 and 1804 Simon Riggle moved with his family to Wythe County. In 1805 Henry Ragle, George Ragle and Siymon Ragle all appeared on the tax list." Kegley's record continues: "1806 Seymon Ragle and Henry Ragle...; 1807...George Reagle, Henry Ragle and Symon Ragle; 1808 ...missing; 1809 Symon Regle...;1810...Symon Rigle and John Regle...; from 1811 to 1829 Simon is the only Riggle appearing...various spellings of the name as Reagle, Riggle and Regal. In 1830 Simon Riggle, also John Riggle and Daniel Riggle...In 1835 the only Riggle...is Daniel Rigle. ...Simon Riggle died in Wythe County sometime prior to January 12, 1835...on [this date] letters of administration of the estate of the late Simon Riggle [appear]. For much further information particularly about the Riggle family, refer to "The Riggle Family of Wythe County, Virginia" compiled by Mary B. Kegley, 1960 and Revised and Updated by Barbara Riggle Price and Alese Riggle Weddle, 1978.

    The U. S. Census for 1810 for Shenandoah County, VA records Elizabeth Ragle, age 45+ as head of household in Strasburg, VA, with one female age 16-26, and in the County, George Ragle, head of household age 16-26, two male children under age 10, and one female age 16-26.


    Ultimately, the emigrants passed through the area around Abingdon, VA, in Washington County, VA. The land purchases of John Regele has already been mentioned. In the 1806 Personal Property records for Washington Co. VA, Lower District, 3 Regals appear: Regal, John, Sr., a single individual with 3 horses; Regal, Adam, a single individual with 1 horse; and Regal, John, Jr., a single individual with 1 horse.


    Some documented early Ragle marriages in Washington, VA are given below. Officiating preachers and biographical information are from D. E. Brown, "The Marriages of Washington County, Virginia, 1781-1853."

    John Delap - Martha Reagle, June 24, 1800 in Washington, VA by Chas. Cummings
    Jacob Regle - Susanna Ritchey, January 21, 1803 in Washington, VA by Charles Hardy
    John Maginly - Peggy Ragle, February 23, 1804 in Washington, VA by Chas. Cummings (groom's name given as John McKinley in some records)
    George H. Ragle - Margaret Miller, January 11, 1816 in Washington, VA (not recorded in Brown; from Pension Record)
    Henry Reagle - Mary Ann (Polly) Miller, January 1, 1812 in Washington, VA by Edward Crawford
    Abraham Ragle - Peggy Gent, August 18, 1817 in Washington, VA by Edw. Crawford
    Betsa Rayle - Fredrick Halfacre, December 25, 1821 in Lawrence Co. IN
    Peter Ragle - Peggy Wadsworth, March 20, 1828 in Orange Co. IN
    John Ragle - Eliza Webster, June 18, 1829 in Orange Co. IN
    Nicholas Ragle -Delila Samuels, October 29, 1829 in Orange Co. IN
    William Ragle - Polly Ann Edginton, July 15, 1830 in Orange Co. IN; (also spelled Edgington in some records)
    Susannah Ragle - Hiram Shepard, December 15, 1831 in Orange Co. IN
    Sarah Ann Ragle - John Kinder, June 18, 1835 in Putnam Co., IN
    Margaret Ragle - George Sutherlin, October 8, 1836 in Putnam Co., IN
    Mary Ann Ragle - ?, 1839 in Putnam Co., IN
    Henry Ragle - Elizabeth Miles, October 7, 1844 in Washington, VA by Charles Collins
    Lucinda Ragle - William Laurence, August 21, 1847 in Washington, TN
    Mary Ragle - Jacob R. Dillon, November 25, 1847 in Daviess Co., IN (given incorrectly as Jacob R. Dixson in some records)
    Martin E. Ragle - Eliza Jane Arnold, September 29, 1848 in Hawkins, TN
    Margaret Ragle - Emberson Holt, July 8, 1849 in Daviess Co., IN
    William K.Ragle - Caroline Eaton, August 21, 1850 in Roane Co. TN
    Susan F. Ragle - Andrew Curtis, June 19, 1861 in Casey Co. KY
    Gillie E. Ragle - John J. Cowley, December 14, 1874 in Lee, MS
    Matilda Ragle - James Bogle, January 1, 1884 in Knox Co. TN
    S. M. Ragle - Mrs. L. C. Terry, July 26, 1891 in Wise, TX
    Parthenia E. Ragle - E. E. Jones, December 14, 1892 in Parker, TX
    W. H. Ragle - Millie Hudson, December 28, 1892 Wise, TX

    Comments on the preachers involved in these marriages:

    Charles Cummings: Presbyterian. Settled near Abingdon, VA in 1773. The Presbyterian meeting house was located at the site of Sinking Spring Cemetery in Abingdon. He served both Sinking Spring and Ebbing Spring, and was heavily involved in seclar affairs of his day. Known as the author of the Fincastle Resolutions, one of the supposed forerunners of the Declaration of Independence. Known as "the Fighting Parson" for his very active participation in defending the Holston Settlements against the Cherokee Indians.

    Charles Hardy: Methodist, settled in 1792 on the Middle Fork of the Holston River. Washington Co. Virginia marriages date between 1796 and 1807. In 1808 he lived in Montgomery Co. Ohio.

    Edward Crawford: Presbyterian. Third pastor of Glade Spring Presbyterian Church, Glade Spring, VA. The church was originally Ebbing Spring Church, but was moved to Glade Spring 2 years prior to the pastorate of Rev. Crawford, 1794-1816. Rev. Crawford continued to marry couples until about 1820.

    Charles Collins: Methodist, and founding president of Emory and Henry College. Performed marriages in Washington Co. VA between 1843 and 1851.


    Other surnames associated with the Compilation of Washington Co. VA Marriages:

    By and large, the names recorded in Lewis Preston Summers' "History of Southwest Virginia and Washington County" are identifiably Scottish or English in origin. As he himself says, almost to a man, the settlers of this area were Scottish Presbyterians. These people referred to the hundreds of thousands of settlers passing through the area as 'emigrants.' Nevertheless, some of the locals "stuck to" the emigrants, and we find the following:

    1795 Jacob Halfacre m. Elizabeth Riche
    1800 Henry Huffacre m. Molly Barrack
    1803 Isac Halfacrea m. Elizabeth Hutchison
    1804 Walter Hill m. Annie Hoffaker
    among others during this time period.

    This sequence gives a possible insight into the name 'Halfacre,' e.g. that it may represent the (erroneous) americanization of 'Hofaker' or 'Hoffaker,' a quite normal German name.

    Beginning in 1800, these records also show the name "Hagy," possibly of Scottish origin, although also conceivably an americanization of the German surname 'Hecke.' Spellings vary: Hagy, Hagey, Hagay. In particular, the names Martin Hagay and Martin Hagy both appear in the record. 18 Hagy/Hagey/Haguy marriages appear in these records before 1853, and most were performed by the Revs. Cummings and Crawford.

    Also appearing in the record are the surnames Delap, Parrott, and McReynolds. William Delap owned property (Lot 21) in Abingdon, VA.

    It should be mentioned at this point that the community now known as Jonesville, VA was once also called Glade Spring. It is on the normal route from the Wilderness Road to the Cumberland Gap and thence northward to the Falls of the Ohio. This is significant because the birthplace of Martin H. Ragle is recorded to have been Glade Spring. An early sketchmap of this area from around 1795 is shown below. Because the detail in this picture is quite fine, I have made the figure fairly large, and one will have to use the scroll bars to examine it in toto. This map is taken from...

    "Waystations from Bristol, VA to Louisville, KY


    In summary, the earliest record of Ragle in Washington, VA is the purchase of 200+ acres by John Regele (Ragle) on the north side of the Middle Fork of the Holston River in 1798 from Michael and Catharine Star. Examining the map shows that this land may lie somewhere close onto the south sides of Glade Springs, Meadowview, or Abingdon, VA. The Middle Fork of the Holston River rises near (present) Glade Spring, VA and runs parallel to the present Interstate Route I-81 a mile or so south of Abingdon. This land is closed out by the sale of the "Dowery Rights" by Elizabeth, the widow of John Ragle, in 1817. Elizabeth was in Sullivan Co. TN at the time.

    The scene then moves to Tennessee with the sale of 150 acres acres of land on the south bank of the Holston River in Sullivan County, Tennessee to "the heirs of John Ragle" by John Taylor of Champlain County, Ohio, on 2 October 1815. The South Fork of the Holston River enters the middle fork about 3 miles southeast of Abingdon and about 2 miles north of the present VA-TN line. Since the description says "Holston River" and does not refer to a specific fork, one may guess that the land was downstream from the confluence of the three forks. The North Fork of the Holston River joins the confluence of the other two at Kingsport, TN. Church Hill, TN is a few miles west of this area.

    The War of 1812

    Muster records for the War of 1812 contain the name 'RAGLE,' together with numerous records of persons using other variants of the name, e.g. REAGLE, REGEL, REGLE, REIGEL, REIGLE, RIEGEL, etc. Some of those using the specific surname spelling 'RAGLE' are:

    Abner RAGLE              2nd Regt (Thomasí) Georgia Militia
    Adam RAGLE               Allisonís Regt East Tennessee Militia
    Adam RAGLE               30th Regt (June to December 1814) East Tennessee Militia
    Benjamin RAGLE           14th Regt (Mitchissonís) Kentucky Militia
    George RAGLE             Tennessee
    George RAGLE             Allisonís Regt East Tennessee Militia
    George RAGLE             30th Regt (June to December 1814) East Tennessee Militia
    Lemuel RAGLE             5th Regt (Atkinsonís) North Carolina Militia
    

    The person we have identified as the first husband of Susannah Ritchey (vide infra) is likely not this Jacob REAGLE:

    Jacob REAGLE       32nd Regt (Krickbaum's) Pennsylvania Militia
    

    That this is so follows from a death benefits record showing his widow's given name to be Esther.

    I presume Susannah Ritchey's husband to be the same person that is shown in the records of the Horseshoe Bend Military Park as Jacob REAGLE of the US Infantry Regt. which fought in Alabama against the Creek Indians under the command of Andrew Jackson (vide infra).

    Although the 1810 census records list "Heads of Households" and the muster records the names of enlistees, one would expect some correspondence between the two types of records. It is surprising that there is not more of a correspondence between these records. Perusal of a fuller list given below indicates that many of the muster records are probably duplicates, that many of the people involved apparently served in several units, and finally that the spelling of the surname may have been determined more by the recording officer than by the family member himself.

    For the most part the following records are taken from "Military Records: War of 1812 Muster Rolls" vended by Ancestry.com. Arranged by geographical location, these records are:

    GEORGIA
    	Abner RAGLE	2nd Regt (Thomasí) Georgia Militia
    
    
    KENTUCKY
    	Benjamin RAGLE	14th Regt (Mitchissonís) Kentucky Militia
    
    
    MARYLAND
    	Adam RIGLE	1st Regt (Jamesonís) Maryland Militia
    	Adams RIGGLE	1st Regt (Raganís) Maryland Militia
    	John REIGLE	2nd Regiment Maryland Militia
    	John REIGLE	2nd Regt (Schuchtsí) Maryland Militia
    	John REIGLE	42nd Regt (Smithís) Maryland Militia
    	Lewis RIGGLE	1st Regt (Jamesonís)Maryland Militia
    	Lewis RIGLE	1st Regt (Jamesonís) Maryland Militia
    	Lewis RIGGLE	5th Regt (Jessopís) Maryland Militia
    
    
    NEW YORK
    	William RIEGLE	138th Regt (Nellisí) New York Militia
    	Win RIGGLE	138th Regt (Nellisí) New York Militia
    
    
    NORTH CAROLINA
    	Lemuel RAGLE	5th Regt (Atkinsonís) North Carolina Militia
    
    
    OHIO
    	Beny RIGGLE	2nd Regt (Cotgreaveís) Ohio Militia
    	Jacob RIGLE	Adamís Battalion (1812-1813), Ohio Militia
    	John REGEL	Adamís Battalion (1812-1813), Ohio Militia
    	John REGLE	Adamís Battalion (1812-1813), Ohio Militia
    	John RIGLE	Adamís Battalion (1812-1813), Ohio Militia
    
    
    PENNSYLVANIA
    	Abraham REGEL	36th Regt Pennsylvania Militia
    	Andrew REIGEL	2nd Regt (Ritscherís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	Andrew RIGLE	2nd Regt (Ritscherís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	George RIEGEL	2nd Regt (Lotzís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	George RIGLE	2nd Regt (Lotzís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	Henry REIGLE	71st Regt (Hutterís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	Henry RIGLE  	71st Regt (Hutterís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	Jacob REAGLE	32nd Regt (Krickbaumís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	Jacob Jr RIGGLE	3rd Regt (Lefevreís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	Jacob Sr RIGGLE	3rd Regt (Lefevreís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	Jacob RIGLE 	3rd Regt (LeFevreís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	John REGEL  	32nd Regt (Krickbaumís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	John REGLE  	32nd Regt (Krickbaumís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	John REIGEL 	1st Regt (Kennedyís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	John RIEGEL 	1st Regt (Kennedyís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	John RIEGEL 	2nd Regt (Lotzís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	John RIEGEL 	134th Regt (Hosackís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	John RIEGLE 	Capt. Dietzís Co. Pennsylvania Militia
    	Jonathan REIGLE	2nd Regt (Ritscherís) Pennsylvania Militia
    	Stephen RIGLE	Findleyís Battalion, Pennsylvania Vols.
    	Stephen RIGLE	1st Regt (Sniderís) Pennsylvania Militia.
    
    
    TENNESSEE
    	Adam RAGLE  	Allisonís Regt East Tennessee Militia
    	Adam RAGLE  	30th Regt (June to December 1814) East Tennessee Militia
    	George RAGLE	Tennessee
    	George RAGLE	Allisonís Regt East Tennessee Militia
    	George RAGLE	30th Regt (June to December 1814) East Tennessee Militia
    	George W RIGGLE	30th Regt (Johnsonís) East Tennessee Militia
    
    
    VIRGINIA
    	Elijah RIGGLE	7th Regt (Saunderís) Virginia Militia
    	Henry RIGGLE	6th Regt Virginia Militia
    


    Dispersion of Ragle Surname by Civil War era.

    Some Civil War records bear on the geographical distribution of the Ragle surname by 1860. These records are taken from: http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/soldiers.htm

    Soldier's Name	  Side	   Function	Regiment Name

    Ragle, Alford Union Infantry 91st Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Alfred Union Infantry 91st Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Alfred N. Union Infantry 1st Regiment, Tennessee Infantry Ragle, Alfred N. Union Infantry 5th Regiment, Tennessee Infantry Ragle, Alonzo Union Infantry 80th Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, D.S. Confederate Tennessee Conscripts (Camp of Instruction) Ragle, G.S. Confederate Infantry 9th Regiment, Alabama Infantry Ragle, George W. Union Infantry 97th Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, George W. Confederate Infantry 50th Regiment, Alabama Infantry Ragle, Henry Confederate Infantry 25th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry Ragle, Jacob Union Infantry 27th Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Jacob Union Infantry 80th Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Jacob B. Union Infantry 91st Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Jacob B. Union Infantry 120th Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Jesse Union Infantry 43rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Jesse Union Infantry 49th Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, John Union Infantry 14th Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, John A. Union Infantry 7th Regiment Kentucky Infantry, Company E Ragle, John T. Confederate Cavalry 3rd Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry (Forrest's) Ragle, John T. Confederate Infantry 25th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry Ragle, Lewis Union Infantry 129th Regiment, Ohio Infantry Ragle, Nathan S. Union Infantry 80th Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Peter Union Infantry 27th Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Peter Union Infantry 70th Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Peter Union Infantry 33rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Samuel L. Union Infantry 43rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Samuel M. Union Infantry 43rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry Ragle, Selita Confederate Infantry 13th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry Ragle, T. R. Confederate Infantry 22nd Regiment, Georgia Infantry Ragle, W. H. Confederate Cavalry 5th Regiment, Texas Cavalry (5th Mounted Volunteers)

    Doubtless some of these entries are duplicates, as a soldier often served in more than one unit, e.g. Alfred Newton Ragle, above. In addition to these entries, the site http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/soldiers.htm contains many entries for Reagle, Ragel, and Riggle.

    Chapter Summary.

    What follows is based on the tangle of facts listed above. My personal belief is that the Tilden/Pierce/Ragle reconstruction of the line to George Henry Ragle is the correct one, at least insofar as the placement of Jacob Ragle and Martin Haga Ragle in the list of the children of John and Elisabeth Ragle goes. This supposition is based on the following facts:

    1. William Henry Ragle recorded his father as Martin Haga Ragle, his grandfather as John Ragle, and his grandmother as Elisabeth Albert Ragle.

    2. William Henry Ragle recorded that Martin Haga, Henry Ragle, and Jacob Ragle were brothers, his father and uncles respectively.

    3. Martin Haga Ragle (born 1804 in Glade Spring, VA) and Jacob Ragle (married in 1803, recorded in Abingdon, VA) were clearly part of a family living in the same area.

    4. William Henry Ragle's naming of John Ragle as the father of Martin Haga Ragle identifies the Martin H. Ragle in the list of 10 heirs of John Ragle given by Belle Tilden. It is plausible that Martin Haga is the son of Elisabeth but the adopted son of John, thus allowing room for the "drowning" stories.

    It should be mentioned again at this point that the name "Hagey/Hagy" is known from records in southwest Virginia. A property in Abingdon, VA was sold to a Martin Hagey in 1873. The name occurs much earlier, as well:

    WASHINGTON COUNTY, VIRGINIA - WILL BOOK 3

    Will of Martin Hagey Washington County, VA Will Book 3:257-259

    In the name of God amen. I Martin Hagey of Washington County in the State of Virginia, being aged, but of sound mind & disposing will and memory thanks be to God therefor do make this my last will & Testament in writing...

    (text of will) (wife's name was "Mary Elizabeth")

    ...In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal the 27th day of June AD 1811.

    Because of this, I assume that the name Martin Haga Ragle might well have been given to a Ragle son because a local resident, named Martin Hagey, was somehow a benefactor to the Ragle family.

    5. After 1803, Jacob Ragle lived in Sullivan, TN, as recorded in later census entries for his children. His last child was born in February, 1812 in Tennessee, and a guardian for his minor children was sought and approved in Probate Court in Paoli, Indiana in 1823. Thus his death must have occurred between about June 1811 and 1823. The fact that his daughter's marriage was recorded in Indiana "with permission of mother" in 1821 suggests that Jacob died before 1821. A marriage record for Susanna Ritchey Ragle and James Parrott would doubtless narrow this range further. Susanna had children by Parrott at least as early as 1818 [Catherine Parrott, b. March 1818, conceived as early as July, 1817 if born at term].

    6. William Henry Ragle recorded that Jacob Ragle died in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, in March 1814. This is in complete accord with the range of dates given above, and the fact that the Tennessee Militia took part in the battle is consistent with the known residence of Jacob Ragle.

    I have therefore assumed that the Jacob who died in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend is the Jacob who married Susanna Ritchey in 1803 and who moved to Sullivan, TN. The hypertext family tree reflects this choice.

    The National Park Service summarizes the Battle of Horseshoe Bend as follows:

    "On the morning of 27 March 1814, General Andrew Jackson and an army of 3,300 men consisting of Tennessee militia, United States regulars and both Cherokee and Lower Creek allies attacked Chief Menawa and 1,000 Upper Creek or Red Stick warriors fortified in the "horseshoe" bend of the Tallapoosa River. To seal off the bend of the river, the Upper Creeks built an incredibly strong 400 yard long barricade made of dirt and logs. As the Cherokee and Lower Creek warriors swam the Tallapoosa and attacked from the rear, Jackson launched the militia and regular soldiers against the barricade. Facing overwhelming odds, the Red Sticks fought bravely yet ultimately lost the battle. Over 800 Upper Creeks died at Horseshoe Bend defending their homeland. This was the final battle of the Creek War of 1813-14, which is considered part of the War of 1812. In a peace treaty signed after the battle, both the Upper and Lower Creeks were forced to give the United States nearly 20 million acres of land in what is today Alabama and Georgia."

    The 2,040-acre Horseshoe Bend National Military Park preserves the site of the battle. In his classic book on the War of 1812, Henry Adams describes much the same situation in the overall context of the Creek War of 1813-14.

    General Comments on the Family's Westward Movement:

    Moving West -- Author's Family to Southern Indiana: